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Medical Library Shoulder

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OVERVIEW

Posterior Dislocation

Dislocations where the arm moves in the opposite direction to the socket (called posterior dislocations) are rare (4%). Athletes involved in sports like baseball and tennis are more likely to experience posterior subluxation.

As stated above, sudden dislocation can be life-threatening. To ensure that there are no blood vessels or nerve damage to the arm, shoulder, or hand, the patient should immediately be taken to an emergency room. The emergency room physician will usually be able to move the arm so that the shoulder is reattached. Surgery is rarely necessary. Often, pain and muscle relaxant medication are prescribed. The pain can be reduced with ice. To strengthen the shoulder muscles, physical therapy is often started within two weeks of a dislocation.

GOALS

Possible Treatment Goals

  • Decrease Risk of Reoccurrence
  • Improve Fitness
  • Improve Function
  • Optimize Joint Alignment
  • Improve Muscle Strength and Power
  • Increase Oxygen to Tissues
  • Improve Proprioception
  • Improve Tolerance for Prolonged Activities

Physical Therapy
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Neuromuscular Re-education
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Vestibular Therapy
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Therapeutic Exercise
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Manual Therapy
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Joint Mobilization

Core Training
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IASTM
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Blood Flow Restriction
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Physical Therapy for Dancers
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Shockwave Therapy
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Dry Needling